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VB Petition

Tables: Relink ODBC tables from code

Dev Ashish

    Personally, I find the manual steps required to link to an ODBC table rather annoying.  If you feel the same way, here's how to automate the whole process.

    I'd suggest creating a table with three fields,

LocalTableName -- The name of the ODBC table as it appears in the Database window.

ConnectString -- The complete connect string to the ODBC Table. (Can be viewed by


SourceTable -- The actual name of the ODBC table in the Data source. May be the same as Local Table Name.

Store this information for all ODBC tables in this table (referred to as tblReconnectODBC in code).  The benefit is that when this code is run in a new mdb, it re-creates a tabledef for each entry in this table if no ODBC Links are found in the database.

    If you want, you can also add RegisterDatabase method to this code when the DSNs are not found in registry. I, unfortunately, haven't had any luck with it since I'm dealing with Oracle.

Also note that qc03 and PMIP are DSN names and will need to be changed to your DSN names.

'****************** Code Start *********************>
' This code was originally written by Dev Ashish.
' It is not to be altered or distributed,
' except as part of an application.
' You are free to use it in any application,
' provided the copyright notice is left unchanged.
' Code Courtesy of
' Dev Ashish
Option Compare Database
Option Explicit

Private Type tODBCInfo
    strTableName As String
    strNewName As String
    strConnectString As String
    strSourceTable As String
End Type

'Contains all info for tables
Private mastODBCInfo() As tODBCInfo

'*** Registry stuff
Private Const HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT = &H80000000
Private Const HKEY_CURRENT_USER = &H80000001
Private Const HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE = &H80000002
Private Const HKEY_USERS = &H80000003
Private Const HKEY_PERFORMANCE_DATA = &H80000004
Private Const HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG = &H80000005
Private Const HKEY_DYN_DATA = &H80000006
Private Const STANDARD_RIGHTS_READ = &H20000
Private Const KEY_QUERY_VALUE = &H1&
Private Const KEY_NOTIFY = &H10&
Private Const Synchronize = &H100000
                        KEY_QUERY_VALUE Or _
                        KEY_ENUMERATE_SUB_KEYS Or _
                        KEY_NOTIFY) And _
                        (Not Synchronize))
Private Const MAXLEN = 256
Private Const ERROR_SUCCESS = &H0&
Const REG_NONE = 0
Const REG_SZ = 1
Const REG_BINARY = 3
Const REG_DWORD = 4
Const REG_LINK = 6
Const REG_MULTI_SZ = 7

    dwLowDateTime As Long
    dwHighDateTime As Long
End Type

Private Declare Function apiRegOpenKeyEx Lib "advapi32.dll" _
        Alias "RegOpenKeyExA" _
        (ByVal hKey As Long, _
        ByVal lpSubKey As String, _
        ByVal ulOptions As Long, _
        ByVal samDesired As Long, _
        ByRef phkResult As Long) _
        As Long

Private Declare Function apiRegCloseKey Lib "advapi32.dll" _
        Alias "RegCloseKey" _
        (ByVal hKey As Long) _
        As Long

Private Declare Function apiRegQueryValueEx Lib "advapi32.dll" _
        Alias "RegQueryValueExA" _
        (ByVal hKey As Long, _
        ByVal lpValueName As String, _
        ByVal lpReserved As Long, _
        ByRef lpType As Long, _
        lpData As Any, _
        ByRef lpcbData As Long) _
        As Long

Private Declare Function apiRegQueryInfoKey Lib "advapi32.dll" _
        Alias "RegQueryInfoKeyA" _
        (ByVal hKey As Long, _
        ByVal lpClass As String, _
        ByRef lpcbClass As Long, _
        ByVal lpReserved As Long, _
        ByRef lpcSubKeys As Long, _
        ByRef lpcbMaxSubKeyLen As Long, _
        ByRef lpcbMaxClassLen As Long, _
        ByRef lpcValues As Long, _
        ByRef lpcbMaxValueNameLen As Long, _
        ByRef lpcbMaxValueLen As Long, _
        ByRef lpcbSecurityDescriptor As Long, _
        ByRef lpftLastWriteTime As FILETIME) _
        As Long

Function fReconnectODBC() As Boolean
Dim db As Database, tdf As TableDef
Dim varRet As Variant, rs As Recordset
Dim strConnect As String
Dim intTableCount As Integer
Dim i As Integer
Dim strTmp As String, strMsg As String
Dim boolTablesPresent As Boolean
Const cERR_NODSN = vbObjectError + 300
Const cREG_PATH = "Software\ODBC\ODBC.INI"

    On Error GoTo fReconnectODBC_Err

    'Check to make sure ODBC DSNs are present
    'You can follow the same steps to check for multiple DSNs
    strTmp = fReturnRegKeyValue(HKEY_CURRENT_USER, _
                        cREG_PATH & "\qc03", "Server")
    If strTmp = vbNullString Then Err.Raise cERR_NODSN

    'Another ODBC DSN
    strTmp = fReturnRegKeyValue(HKEY_CURRENT_USER, _
                        cREG_PATH & "\PMIP", "Server")
    If strTmp = vbNullString Then Err.Raise cERR_NODSN

    If MsgBox("Is it ok to drop ODBC links and reconnect?" _
                & vbCrLf & vbCrLf & _
                "The linked ODBC tables will be renamed " _
                & "and then reconnected. " _
                & vbCrLf & "If there were no errors encountered, " _
                & "then the old tables links will be deleted.", _
                vbQuestion + vbYesNo, _
                "Please confirm") = vbYes Then
        Set db = CurrentDb
        intTableCount = 0
        varRet = SysCmd(acSysCmdSetStatus, "Storing ODBC link info.....")

        Set rs = db.OpenRecordset("tblReconnectODBC", dbOpenSnapshot)

        boolTablesPresent = False
        For Each tdf In db.TableDefs
            strConnect = tdf.Connect
            If Len(strConnect) > 0 And left$(tdf.Name, 1) <> "~" Then
                If left$(strConnect, 4) = "ODBC" Then
                    ReDim Preserve mastODBCInfo(intTableCount)
                    With mastODBCInfo(intTableCount)
                        .strTableName = tdf.Name
                        rs.FindFirst "LocalTableName='" & .strTableName & "'"
                        If Not rs.NoMatch Then
                            .strConnectString = rs!ConnectString
                            .strSourceTable = rs!SourceTable
                            .strSourceTable = tdf!SourceTableName
                            .strConnectString = tdf!ConnectString
                        End If
                    End With
                    boolTablesPresent = True
                    intTableCount = intTableCount + 1
                End If
            End If

        'now attempt relink
        If Not boolTablesPresent Then
            'No ODBC Tables present yet
            'Reconnect from the table info
            strMsg = "No ODBC tables were found in this database." & vbCrLf _
                            & "Do you wish to reconnect to all the ODBC sources " _
                            & "listed in 'tblReconnectODBC' tables?"
            If MsgBox(strMsg, vbYesNo + vbQuestion, "ODBC Tables not present") = _
                            vbYes Then
                With rs
                    Do While Not .EOF
                        varRet = SysCmd(acSysCmdSetStatus, "Relinking '" _
                                            & !TableName & "'.....")
                        Set tdf = db.CreateTableDef(!TableName, _
                                            dbAttachSavePWD, _
                                            !SourceTable, _
                        db.TableDefs.Append tdf
                End With
            End If
            For i = 0 To intTableCount - 1
                With mastODBCInfo(i)
                    varRet = SysCmd(acSysCmdSetStatus, "Attempting to relink '" _
                                        & .strTableName & "'.....")
                    strTmp = Format(Now(), "MMDDYY-hhmmss")
                    db.TableDefs(.strTableName).Name = .strTableName & strTmp
                    .strNewName = .strTableName & strTmp
                    Set tdf = db.CreateTableDef(.strTableName, _
                                                                dbAttachSavePWD, _
                                                                .strSourceTable, _
                    db.TableDefs.Append tdf
                    DoCmd.DeleteObject acTable, .strNewName
                End With
        End If
    End If
    varRet = SysCmd(acSysCmdClearStatus)
    fReconnectODBC = True
    MsgBox "All ODBC tables were successfully reconnected.", _
                    vbInformation + vbOKOnly, "Success"

    Set tdf = Nothing
    Set db = Nothing
    Erase mastODBCInfo
Exit Function
    Dim errX As Error

    If Errors.Count > 1 Then
        For Each errX In Errors
            strMsg = strMsg & "Error #: " & errX.Number & vbCrLf & errX.Description
        MsgBox strMsg, vbOKOnly + vbExclamation, "ODBC Errors in reconnect"
        If Err.Number = cERR_NODSN Then
            MsgBox "The User DSN for Oracle Tables were not found. Please " _
                & "check ODBC32 under Control Panel.", vbExclamation + vbOKOnly, _
                "Couldn't locate User Data Sources"
            strMsg = "Error #: " & Err.Number & vbCrLf & Err.Description
            MsgBox strMsg, vbOKOnly + vbExclamation, "VBA Errors in reconnect"
        End If
    End If
    fReconnectODBC = False

    Resume fReconnectODBC_Exit
End Function

Function fReturnRegKeyValue(ByVal lngKeyToGet As Long, _
                            ByVal strKeyName As String, _
                            ByVal strValueName As String) _
                            As String

Dim lnghKey As Long
Dim strClassName As String
Dim lngClassLen As Long
Dim lngReserved As Long
Dim lngSubKeys As Long
Dim lngMaxSubKeyLen As Long
Dim lngMaxClassLen As Long
Dim lngValues As Long
Dim lngMaxValueNameLen As Long
Dim lngMaxValueLen As Long
Dim lngSecurity As Long
Dim ftLastWrite As FILETIME
Dim lngType As Long
Dim lngData As Long
Dim lngTmp As Long
Dim strRet As String
Dim varRet As Variant
Dim lngRet As Long
    On Error GoTo fReturnRegKeyValue_Err
    'Open the key first
    lngTmp = apiRegOpenKeyEx(lngKeyToGet, _
                strKeyName, 0&, KEY_READ, lnghKey)

    'Are we ok?
    If Not (lngTmp = ERROR_SUCCESS) Then Err.Raise lngTmp + vbObjectError

    lngReserved = 0&
    strClassName = String$(MAXLEN, 0):  lngClassLen = MAXLEN
    'Get boundary values
    lngTmp = apiRegQueryInfoKey(lnghKey, strClassName, _
        lngClassLen, lngReserved, lngSubKeys, lngMaxSubKeyLen, _
        lngMaxClassLen, lngValues, lngMaxValueNameLen, _
        lngMaxValueLen, lngSecurity, ftLastWrite)

    'How we doin?
    If Not (lngTmp = ERROR_SUCCESS) Then Err.Raise lngTmp + vbObjectError

    'Now grab the value for the key
    strRet = String$(MAXLEN - 1, 0)
    lngTmp = apiRegQueryValueEx(lnghKey, strValueName, _
                lngReserved, lngType, ByVal strRet, lngData)
    Select Case lngType
        Case REG_SZ
            lngTmp = apiRegQueryValueEx(lnghKey, strValueName, _
                lngReserved, lngType, ByVal strRet, lngData)
            varRet = left(strRet, lngData - 1)
        Case REG_DWORD
            lngTmp = apiRegQueryValueEx(lnghKey, strValueName, _
                lngReserved, lngType, lngRet, lngData)
            varRet = lngRet
        Case REG_BINARY
            lngTmp = apiRegQueryValueEx(lnghKey, strValueName, _
                lngReserved, lngType, ByVal strRet, lngData)
            varRet = left(strRet, lngData)
    End Select

    'All quiet on the western front?
    If Not (lngTmp = ERROR_SUCCESS) Then Err.Raise lngTmp + vbObjectError

    fReturnRegKeyValue = varRet
    lngTmp = apiRegCloseKey(lnghKey)
    Exit Function
    varRet = vbNullString
    Resume fReturnRegKeyValue_Exit
End Function
'****************** Code End *********************

1998-2010, Dev Ashish & Arvin Meyer, All rights reserved. Optimized for Microsoft Internet Explorer