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Tables: Relink Access tables from code

Dev Ashish

(Q)    In my Front end database, I have several linked tables from multiple back end databases.  How can I make sure that all tables get connected when the front end is opened?

(A)    You can go through the TableDefs collection to see which tables have the Connect property set.  If Connect is populated, reconnect the table using the database specified in the string.

    Here's a function (fRefreshLinks) that could be run at db startup.  The function looks at each table in the database in which the code is running, and tries to find the datasource for that table if the Connect property is populated.

    If the database specified for the linked table is not present, the code brings up the GetOpenFileName dialog so that the user can select an alternative source. Note: You must include that code in your application for this example to work

'***************** Code Start ***************
' This code was originally written by Dev Ashish.
' It is not to be altered or distributed,
' except as part of an application.
' You are free to use it in any application,
' provided the copyright notice is left unchanged.
' Code Courtesy of
' Dev Ashish
Function fRefreshLinks() As Boolean
Dim strMsg As String, collTbls As Collection
Dim i As Integer, strDBPath As String, strTbl As String
Dim dbCurr As DATABASE, dbLink As DATABASE
Dim tdfLocal As TableDef
Dim varRet As Variant
Dim strNewPath As String

Const cERR_USERCANCEL = vbObjectError + 1000
Const cERR_NOREMOTETABLE = vbObjectError + 2000

    On Local Error GoTo fRefreshLinks_Err

    If MsgBox("Are you sure you want to reconnect all Access tables?", _
            vbQuestion + vbYesNo, "Please confirm...") = vbNo Then Err.Raise cERR_USERCANCEL

    'First get all linked tables in a collection
    Set collTbls = fGetLinkedTables

    'now link all of them
    Set dbCurr = CurrentDb

    strMsg = "Do you wish to specify a different path for the Access Tables?"
    If MsgBox(strMsg, vbQuestion + vbYesNo, "Alternate data source...") = vbYes Then
        strNewPath = fGetMDBName("Please select a new datasource")
        strNewPath = vbNullString
    End If

    For i = collTbls.Count To 1 Step -1
        strDBPath = fParsePath(collTbls(i))
        strTbl = fParseTable(collTbls(i))
        varRet = SysCmd(acSysCmdSetStatus, "Now linking '" & strTbl & "'....")
        If Left$(strDBPath, 4) = "ODBC" Then
            'ODBC Tables
            'ODBC Tables handled separately
           ' Set tdfLocal = dbCurr.TableDefs(strTbl)
           ' With tdfLocal
           '     .Connect = pcCONNECT
           '     .RefreshLink
           '     collTbls.Remove (strTbl)
           ' End With
            If strNewPath <> vbNullString Then
                'Try this first
                strDBPath = strNewPath
                If Len(Dir(strDBPath)) = 0 Then
                    'File Doesn't Exist, call GetOpenFileName
                    strDBPath = fGetMDBName("'" & strDBPath & "' not found.")
                    If strDBPath = vbNullString Then
                        'user pressed cancel
                        Err.Raise cERR_USERCANCEL
                    End If
                End If
            End If

            'backend database exists
            'putting it here since we could have
            'tables from multiple sources
            Set dbLink = DBEngine(0).OpenDatabase(strDBPath)

            'check to see if the table is present in dbLink
            strTbl = fParseTable(collTbls(i))
            If fIsRemoteTable(dbLink, strTbl) Then
                'everything's ok, reconnect
                Set tdfLocal = dbCurr.TableDefs(strTbl)
                With tdfLocal
                    .Connect = ";Database=" & strDBPath
                    collTbls.Remove (.Name)
                End With
                Err.Raise cERR_NOREMOTETABLE
            End If
        End If
    fRefreshLinks = True
    varRet = SysCmd(acSysCmdClearStatus)
    MsgBox "All Access tables were successfully reconnected.", _
            vbInformation + vbOKOnly, _

    Set collTbls = Nothing
    Set tdfLocal = Nothing
    Set dbLink = Nothing
    Set dbCurr = Nothing
    Exit Function
    fRefreshLinks = False
    Select Case Err
        Case 3059:

        Case cERR_USERCANCEL:
            MsgBox "No Database was specified, couldn't link tables.", _
                    vbCritical + vbOKOnly, _
                    "Error in refreshing links."
            Resume fRefreshLinks_End
            MsgBox "Table '" & strTbl & "' was not found in the database" & _
                    vbCrLf & dbLink.Name & ". Couldn't refresh links", _
                    vbCritical + vbOKOnly, _
                    "Error in refreshing links."
            Resume fRefreshLinks_End
        Case Else:
            strMsg = "Error Information..." & vbCrLf & vbCrLf
            strMsg = strMsg & "Function: fRefreshLinks" & vbCrLf
            strMsg = strMsg & "Description: " & Err.Description & vbCrLf
            strMsg = strMsg & "Error #: " & Format$(Err.Number) & vbCrLf
            MsgBox strMsg, vbOKOnly + vbCritical, "Error"
            Resume fRefreshLinks_End
    End Select
End Function

Function fIsRemoteTable(dbRemote As DATABASE, strTbl As String) As Boolean
Dim tdf As TableDef
    On Error Resume Next
    Set tdf = dbRemote.TableDefs(strTbl)
    fIsRemoteTable = (Err = 0)
    Set tdf = Nothing
End Function

Function fGetMDBName(strIn As String) As String
'Calls GetOpenFileName dialog
Dim strFilter As String

    strFilter = ahtAddFilterItem(strFilter, _
                    "Access Database(*.mdb;*.mda;*.mde;*.mdw) ", _
                    "*.mdb; *.mda; *.mde; *.mdw")
    strFilter = ahtAddFilterItem(strFilter, _
                    "All Files (*.*)", _

    fGetMDBName = ahtCommonFileOpenSave(Filter:=strFilter, _
                                OpenFile:=True, _
                                DialogTitle:=strIn, _
End Function

Function fGetLinkedTables() As Collection
'Returns all linked tables
    Dim collTables As New Collection
    Dim tdf As TableDef, db As DATABASE
    Set db = CurrentDb
    For Each tdf In db.TableDefs
        With tdf
            If Len(.Connect) > 0 Then
                If Left$(.Connect, 4) = "ODBC" Then
                '    collTables.Add Item:=.Name & ";" & .Connect, KEY:=.Name
                'ODBC Reconnect handled separately
                    collTables.Add Item:=.Name & .Connect, Key:=.Name
                End If
            End If
        End With
    Set fGetLinkedTables = collTables
    Set collTables = Nothing
    Set tdf = Nothing
    Set db = Nothing
End Function

Function fParsePath(strIn As String) As String
    If Left$(strIn, 4) <> "ODBC" Then
        fParsePath = Right(strIn, Len(strIn) _
                        - (InStr(1, strIn, "DATABASE=") + 8))
        fParsePath = strIn
    End If
End Function

Function fParseTable(strIn As String) As String
    fParseTable = Left$(strIn, InStr(1, strIn, ";") - 1)
End Function
'***************** Code End ***************

1998-2010, Dev Ashish & Arvin Meyer, All rights reserved. Optimized for Microsoft Internet Explorer